Pablo Picasso, Spanish (1881 – 1973)
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Picasso was regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore.
His work has been categorized into periods, including the Blue Period (1901-1904), the Rose Period (1904-1906), the African-Influenced Period (1907-1909), Analytic Cubism (1909-1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912-1919), sometimes also referred to as the Crystal Period.
The autobiographical nature of Picasso’s art is reinforced by his habit of dating his works, often to the day. He explained: “I want to leave to posterity a documentation that will be as complete as possible. That’s why I put a date on everything I do.”